Graph showing distribution of men and women across Switzerland’s most popular jobs goes viral
A graph showing the distribution of men and women employed across Switzerland’s top 30 most popular jobs has attracted 33,000 upvotes and nearly 5,000 comments on Reddit.
The two widest disparities are to be found in manual labour jobs: 98 percent of men and only 2 percent of women work as electricians, while 92 percent of women and only 8 percent of men work as domestic staff.
Women vastly outnumber men in sectors like teaching, nursing and social care while men outnumber women in IT, horticulture and farming.
The graph was published by Swiss Info and the source for the data is the Federal Statistical Office.
The data also shows which jobs were historically majority male and have now become majority female:
- In 1970, 95 percent of veterinarians were male. In 2016, 64.2 percent of veterinarians were female;
- In 1970, 60.9 percent of pharmacists were male. In 2016, 69.9 percent of pharmacists were female;
- In 1970, 86 percent of opticians were male. In 2016, 65.7 percent of opticians were female;
- In 1970, 54.3 percent of psychiatric nurses were male. In 2016, 77.8 percent of psychiatric nurses were female.
Moreover, women have become the majority in many social, human and natural science professions, too.
- In 1970, 73.2 percent of biologists were men. In 2016, 51.8 percent of biologists were women.
- In 1970, 54 percent of psychologists were men. In 2016, 73.5 percent of psychologists were women.
- 1n 1970, 95.5 percent of people working in “economic sciences” were men. In 2016, 54 percent of people of people working in “economic sciences” were women.
There have also been sizeable shifts in the advertising and human resource sectors. Advertising has gone from being 85.8 percent male to 56.1 percent female while human resource management has gone from 92.2 percent male to 74 percent female.
Unequal distributions of men and women in the workforce are often deemed particularly problematic in Europe and North America and attract significant attention from media sources and public officials.
Initiatives have been created by the governments of the UK and USA, as well as universities and the private sector, into attempting to minimize unequal distributions that favour men in sectors like science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM).
The Australian government also invested upwards of $13 million to try and encourage women into STEM professions in 2015; universities and private sector organizations also offer fellowships and scholarships to women considering STEM professions.
Despite this, little attention appears to be focused on unequal distributions at the lower end of pay scales.